Each party agrees to keep confidential all Confidential Information disclosed to it by the other party on the terms of this Agreement.

Last Updated: July 26, 2019



1.1 Definitions: In this Agreement, the following terms have the stated meaning:

Affiliate: in relation to a party, a Related Company, director, officer, shareholder, owner, employee or professional advisor of that party.
Agreement:clauses 1 to 9 of this document.
Confidential Information: includes:

  • all information (whether in oral, written, electronic or other recorded form) disclosed by or on behalf of a party to the other party in connection with the Purpose, whether before or after the date of this Agreement;
  • all copies of that information,

but does not include:

  • publicly available information; or
  • information which becomes known to the other party from a third person who is not in breach of any obligation of confidentiality to the party who disclosed the information; or
  • the fact that discussions are taking place related to the Purpose or that either party has engaged the other for services.

Purpose: includes:

  • Carrying out the service and processes of ASPA MEDIA Ltd.
  • assessing a party’s interest in acquiring all or part of the business of the other party by way of an acquisition of shares and/or assets.

Related Company: has the meaning given in the Companies Act 2006.
Unauthorised Activity: any unauthorised access, use, copying or disclosure of Confidential Information.

1.2 Interpretation: In this Agreement:

    1.  clause and other headings are for ease of reference only and do not affect the interpretation of this Agreement;
    2.  words importing the singular include the plural and vice versa; and
    3.  a reference to:
    1.  a party to this Agreement includes that party’s permitted assigns;
    2.  including and similar words do not imply any limit; and
    3.  a person includes an individual, body corporate, unincorporated body or other entity.

1.3 No obligation: Nothing in this Agreement obliges a party to disclose Confidential Information to the other party.


2.1 Use: Each party must use the other party’s Confidential Information solely for the Purpose.

2.2 Disclosure: A party must not disclose the other party’s Confidential Information to any person except an Affiliate who has:

    1.  a need to know for the Purpose, but only to the extent of that need to know; and
    2.  agreed to comply with obligations the same or substantially similar to those under this Agreement.

2.3 Breach by Affiliate: A breach of this Agreement by an Affiliate of a party is deemed to be a breach of this Agreement by that party.

2.4 Onsupply: The exception in clause 2.2 does not extend to enable an Affiliate to disclose Confidential Information to its affiliates.


3.1 Acknowledgement: Each party acknowledges that the other party’s Confidential Information is provided on terms of strict confidentiality.

3.2 Security: Each party must:

    1.  establish and maintain proper and effective security measures to safeguard the other party’s Confidential Information at all times from Unauthorised Activity;
    2.  subject to any express clause to the contrary in this Agreement, keep the other party’s Confidential Information under its control;
    3.  immediately notify the other party of any suspected or actual Unauthorised Activity relating to the other party’s Confidential Information, including by an Affiliate; and
    4.  take all steps to stop any Unauthorised Activity, including providing all assistance that is reasonably requested by the other party in relation to any proceedings that the other party takes against any person for Unauthorised Activity.


4.1 Types of disclosure: Clause 4.2 applies if a party is obliged to disclose the other party’s Confidential Information by:

    1.  law or judicial order
    2.  a court order.

4.2 Action to take: The party must:

    1.  promptly, and prior to disclosure, give written notice of the requirement to the other party to enable the other party to seek a protective order or other appropriate remedy; and
    2.  where the other party’s Confidential Information is disclosed as a result of the requirement, use all reasonable endeavours to obtain, from the recipient, assurances that the Confidential Information will be treated as confidential.


Each party acknowledges that in the case of a breach of this Agreement by it or an Affiliate:

    1.  the breach may result in loss to the other party that may not be adequately compensated by payment of damages; and
    2.  the other party is entitled to equitable relief, including enforcing its rights by specific performance or injunction proceedings.


6.1  No warranty: Neither party makes or gives any express or implied representation, undertaking or warranty that:

    1.  the Confidential Information is or will be:
        1.  complete or accurate; or
        2.  audited or independently verified; or
    2.  reasonable care has been or will be taken in compiling or preparing the Confidential Information.

6.2  No liability for use: A party will not be liable to the other party (or the other party’s Affiliates) in respect of its Confidential Information or the use of that Confidential Information.


Each party retains all intellectual property rights, title and interest in the Confidential Information that it discloses.


8.1  Obligations continue: The obligations under this Agreement continue to apply to the parties after completion or termination of the Purpose.

8.2  Return of information:

    1.  At the request of a party after completion or termination of the Purpose, the other party must promptly return to it or destroy all Confidential Information which is in the party’s, or its Affiliates’, possession and control.
    2.  Despite clause 8.2a, a party, or any of its professional advisors, may retain Confidential Information that it is legally required to retain, but only to the extent of that legal requirement.
    3.  The other party must provide the first party with written confirmation that it has complied with clause 8.2a and/or 8.2b.


9.1 Waiver: To waive a right under this Agreement, the waiver must be in writing and signed by the waiving party.

9.2 Assignment: Neither party may assign or otherwise transfer any of its rights or obligations under this Agreement unless with the other party’s prior written consent.

9.3 Law: This Agreement is governed by, and must be interpreted in accordance with, the laws of England and Wales . Each party submits to the non-exclusive jurisdiction of the Courts of England and Wales in relation to any dispute connected with the Agreement.

9.4 Severability: If any provision of this Agreement is, or becomes, unenforceable, illegal or invalid for any reason, the relevant provision is deemed to be varied to the extent necessary to remedy the unenforceability, illegality or invalidity. If variation is not possible, the provision must be treated as severed from this Agreement without affecting any other provisions of this Agreement.

9.5 Counterparts: This Agreement may be signed in counterparts, each of which constitutes an original and all of which constitute the same agreement. A party may enter this Agreement by signing and sending (including by facsimile or email) a counterpart copy to the other party.

9.6 Variation: Any variation to this Agreement must be in writing and signed by both parties.

9.7 Further acts: Each party must sign and deliver any document and undertake any act, matter and thing which is reasonably requested by the other party to give effect to the intent and purpose of this Agreement.

9.8 Entire agreement: This Agreement sets out everything agreed by the parties relating to its subject matter and supersedes and cancels anything discussed, exchanged or agreed prior to the date of this Agreement. The parties have not relied on any representation, warranty or agreement relating to the subject matter of this Agreement that is not expressly set out in this Agreement, and no such representation, warranty or agreement has any effect from the date of this Agreement.